Senin, 28 Februari 2011
Can organic fertiliser subsidy be a model to UN, G20?
Toward the 16th regular session of the Human Rights Council in 8 March
The Government of the Republic of Indonesia in the last 3 years have experienced in transforming chemical fertiliser subsidy towards organic fertiliser subsidy, along with cattle and equipment grants composters (APPO, and RPPO). Despite the mechanization of small-scale composting using fossil-fuel energy - the very least will increase the CO2 in the rural areas - but it is time, the GOI took the momentum to share experiences and contribute ideas in the discourse of the elimination of agricultural subsidies that are expected by the special rapourter on the Right to Food Olivier De Schutter be the first step of the global food crisis prevention.
President Sukarno in the 1958 UN General Assembly speech offers ideas To Build The World A New, now offer a organic fertiliser subsidy scheme as a model within the United Nations.
I through a letter to the Indonesian Permanent Mission to the United Nations and International Organisations, Geneva Ambassador dated February 7, 2011 I called for the government's wish to express the model in the 16th session of the Human Rights Council in 8 March 2011 (see poster).
My appeal is as a follow up from my comment on the statement of Oliver De Schutter at the end of January last (see previous post on this blogspot.)
My mail attachment (below Indonesia version)
Menyongsong 16th session of the Human Right Council in 8 March Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dalam 3 tahun terakhir telah berpengalaman dalam mentransformasikan subsidi pupuk kimia ke arah subsidi pupuk organik, disertai dengan hibah sapi dan peralatan pembuat kompos (APPO, dan RPPO). Meskipun dengan mekanisasi pembuatan kompos skala kecil itu memakai fossil-fuel energy - yang sedikit banyaknya akan menambah CO2 di kawasan perdesaan - namun kini saatnya, pemerintah RI mengambil momentum untuk berbagi pengalaman dan berkontribusi gagasan dalam wacana penghapusan subsidi pertanian yang diharapkan oleh special rapourter on the Right to Food Olivier De Schutter menjadi langkah awal pencegahan krisis pangan global.
Presiden Soekarno di General Assemnly PBB tahun 1958 berpidato menawarkan gagasan To Build The World A New, kini tawarkanlah skema subsidi pupuk organik sebagai model PBB.
Saya melalui surat kepada Indonesian Permanent Mission to the United Nations and International Organizations, Geneva Ambassador tertanggal 7 Februari 2011 saya menghimbau agar pemerintah RI menyampaikan model itu dalam 6th session of the Human Right Council in 8 March 2011 (lihat poster).
Himbauan saya ini adalah sebagai tindak lanjut dari komentar saya terhadap pernyataan Oliver De Schutter pada akhir Januari silam (lihat posting terdahulu di blogspot ini). Lampiran surat saya
Can organic fertiliser subsidy be a model to UN, G20?
Dapatkah Subsidi Pupuk Organik menjadi Model di PBB, G20?
Can organic fertilisers subsidy be a model to UN, G20?
Riza V. Tjahjadi
What's come to your mind whenever you heard about proposal to eliminate fertiliser subsidy? Answering the question of how can we feed the world and still save the planet?, the UN special rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter as reported, wants donors to move away from the model of subsidised fertilisers and seeds - the which he calls "private goods", to supporting "public goods" such as better infrastructure, strengthening local markets, ensuring access to credit and building storage capabilities. Much of this needs farmers to organise themselves to really bring benefits to rural areas.
He adds, the environmental challenge is huge. "A third of all greenhouse emissions come from agriculture, so We need to focus our Efforts of agriculture on the which does not degrade the soil and the which increases carbon capture," he explains, adding that he will presenting a paper on agroecology to the UN Human Rights Council in March (How can we feed the world and still save the planet? The Guardian, 21 January 2011).
As campaigners the right to food I did respond directly to Olivier De Schutter of Indonesia's experience since 2008 which been gradually promoting organic fertiliser as an alternative to remove agricultural subsidies, but the essence of the presentation Olivier De Schutter at next March will keep focus on the elimination of subsidies to fertilisers and seeds.
Early last month the British Environment secretary Caroline Spelman calls for the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform to tackle 'global food security' and an end to direct pay-outs. She pursues fundamental reform of the European system of subsidies for farmers (The Guardian, 5 January 2011).
Maneuvers of both Olivier De Schutter within the UN, and Caroline Spelman may contribute to the changing map of international policies in the future. However, I see there is enough time for the government of Indonesia to share input to the UN, particularly the 16th session of the Human Right Council in 8 March, and the G-20 in May.
I may say human right record not good enough - until now, there were violence in the name of religion and against religious groups and belief, to freedom of opinion, and members of the press; everything still seems ignore by the state (the state is absent). Impunity for human rights violations are still very clear, as stated by inter religious leaders, and the case murder of Munir as a test of our history” still unsolved, the weakness protection to migrant workers. More specific, nationally, Right to Food is recognised by the state but legally not fulfilled into a law. However, these two events mentioned above will a good momentum and opportunity for Indonesia which has been promoting soft power diplomacy.
I therefore recommend that government immediately formulate proactive argument showing the state obligation to farmers which expected to improve the perception, whilst to elevate the image of Indonesia in the international community, especially to the UN bodies and multilateral donor institutions; that gradual transition models use chemical fertilisers in agricultural subsidies (2008-now). First, of all, show the small scale of the Cuban organic agriculture movement model which have been practicing by the government through the state budget since the fiscal year 2008. As consequence, the government should demonstrate the budget allocation on fertiliser subsidy portion of clams is headed to the use of organic fertiliser increased year by year; the agricultural futures will of some in the organic farming paradigm. Second, expose the commitment of the total five state-owned manufactures of chemical fertilisers will be more gradual increase in the volume of organic fertiliser production, include conversion roadmap of chemical fertilisers to organic fertilisers, and update the roadmap strategy of agriculture sector toward climate change. Third, show that with the stimulus of agricultural development through organic fertiliser subsidy in the last 3 years has been enlarging the scale of organic fertilisers use among farmers - in turn has multiplying the realisation of self-sufficient fertilizer Villages (Desa Mandiri Pupuk). Explain more detail what will be benefits and impacts when 10,000 of organic fertilisers processing units materialized in coming years; in 2010 there were 235 units allocated to all 33 provinces in Indonesia; with four categories of production capacity range from 35,250 to 246,750 tons per year. Meanwhile, subsidised organic fertilisers in 2010 focus to critical quality of farmland and poor soil nutrients in 8 provinces with total allocation 10.672,104 tons decomposers and 533,605 tons biofertilisers to covers 1,778,683 hectares rice fields.
Finally, show that the rice self-sufficiency has been achieved in the last 3 years this would not solely rely on the use of chemical fertilisers alone. Add also projected that the organic fertilizer will be increasingly important role in sustaining the rice self-sufficiency, and support the achievement of self-sufficiency in corn, soybean, sugarcane, and beef. Show that the organic fertilizer is eco-friendly within the scope of micro-climate which in turn also affects the global climate.
Possible impact to domestic atmosphere to the failure of a ten-year Go Organic 2010 programme (“… creates Indonesia as one of the major organic food producer in the world starting in 2010…”) can be shifted from memory of public at large whenever maneuver of the Indonesian government will be applauded by the international communities. Do not forget also include a reminder note that the eruption of Mount Krakatoa centuries ago have contributed to the world's climate cooled.
Riza V. Tjahjadi, advocates organic farming since 1988, and was active in international civil society coalition in the UN-FAO negotiations finalizing the draft of Voluntary Guidelines on the Right to Adequate Food. email@example.com
RVT, 28 Feb 2011
Global Organic Agriculture
# “food-miles argument” vs self- community consumption (on behalf household and community food security; most Northern analysts/lobbyists usually identified three levels food security: Global, national, household food security).
# Mechanization vehicles (large farm in the North) vs labour intensive (small scale farm in Indonesia) although there are APPO (a compost making machine) and RPPO (a house for making compost) - all with fossil-fuel energy for three-cycle motorbike, and crasher machine of compost materials) introduced since 2007 and granted to rice farmers as to improve soil fertility within the state budget. Target: 10,000 units RPPO in coming years
Note: the average farm size in Indonesia is 0.3 hectare per household.
# Large swamps in the North vs stop eating rice for Asians from rice terraces?
This is my provocative comment to Mischa Popoff's book entitled Is it ORGANIC? Excerpts from the book and Organic farming = more CO2.
Riza V. Tjahjadi
copy e-mail of Popoff
Add to Contacts
Organic farming creates more CO2 (which is a good thing, of course). So why do organic activists pretend organic farming releases less CO2?
Urban organic activists begin every argument by pining for the good ol’ days. They point out that in 1940 one calorie of fossil-fuel energy produced two calories of food. But now, due to the “dreaded” effects of industrialization, 20 calories of fossil-fuel energy are required. This supposedly illustrates why an immediate transformation of the food biz is required to “save the planet.” How? By converting from a fossil-fuel-based food economy to one based instead on sunshine. Case closed! After all, it’s a 20-fold increase, right?
Well… turns out it’s not.
Go to my website to see the full story:
Organic farmers and consumers deserve better.
Mischa Popoff, IOIA Advanced Organic Farm and Process Inspector
Author of Is it Organic?
This is an official press release.
If you’re not interested in helping, or can’t help, simply reply to this email with “REMOVE” in the subject line.
If you have already asked to be removed and just received this email, we apologize. Please remind us again, and please be sure you’re using the same email address that we are sending to. We cannot remove an address if we don’t know what it is.
Sabtu, 26 Februari 2011
Minggu, 20 Februari 2011
LAST one Regular Metting Steering Committee members of Jaringan Kerja Pertanian Organik (Jaker PO) Indonesia
Indonesia Organic Farming Network 17-18 February 2011@Jl. Pisang II/6 Kerten Solo Central Jawa
pics taken by Nana & Sofie
Tangerang, 20 February 2011
Jumat, 04 Februari 2011
Organic Fertilisers Subsidy 2011,
Subsidi Pupuk Organik 2011
OUR OIL SOURCES DEPLETED
LET SHIFT INTO
excerpt of a speech of President SBY (July 30, 2007; see previous posting: GO Organic 2010 failed, GO Organic 2010 Gagal).
Under the guidelines, the policy direction and the objectives, the Government along with the House of Representatives, in the Preliminary Discussion of RAPBN 2011, agreed to set the theme of national development in RKP Year 2011, namely: "Accelerating the Equitable Economic Growth Supported by the Strengthening of the Governance and Synergy of the Regional and Central Government". Along with that, eleven national development priorities were also established in the Government Work Plan (RKP) year 2011, namely (1) Bureaucratic Reform and Governance, (2) Education, (3) Health and Population, (4) Poverty Reduction, (5) Food Security, (6) Infrastructure (7) Investment Climate and Business Climate, (8) Energy, (9) Environment and Disaster Management, (10) Rural Sector, Front Line, Outskirt, and Post-Conflict, and (11) Culture, Creativity, and Innovation on Technology.
On the expenditure side, the central Government expenditure in the RAPBN 2011 is planned to reach Rp 823.6 trillion, or increasing by Rp 42.1 trillion (5.4 percent) of the APBN-P’s cap 2010. The budget allocation of the Central government in 2011 will be focused to provide supports to: (1) the achievement of high quality economic growth through the infrastructure development; (2) the social protection through the expansion of access to education services (BOS), and health (JAMKESNAS); (3) the community empowerment through the PNPM mandiri andKeluarga Harapan Programs; (4) the strengthening of the bureaucratic reform implementation; (5) the improvement on the state apparatus and retirees welfare; (6) the right allocation of budget subsidies; and (7) the payments of the debt interest in a timely manner (www.depkeu.go.id)
Total Subsidy 22.4% of the central Government expenditure
# Total subsidy amount Rp 184.8 trillion, in the 2011 Draft State Budget Rp2 trillion recorded down to Rp16, 4 trillion meanwhile in the Revised Budget 2010, the allocation of fertiliser subsidies reached Rp18, 4 trillion.
# Organic fertilisers subsidy amounted 1,092,000 tons (APBN 2011) increased from 715,000 tons (APBN P 2010). Organic fertilizers have been producing by the state-owned chemical fertilisers manufacture.
# Observation to 2010 there were 235 of organic fertilisers processing units (Rumah Kompos) allocated to all 33 provinces in Indonesia; with four categories of production capacity range from 35,250 to 246,750 tons per year. Meanwhile, subsidised organic fertilisers in 2010 focused to critical quality of farmland and poor soil nutrients located in 8 provinces with total allocation 10.672,104 tons decomposers and 533,605 tons biofertilisers to covers 1,778,683 hectares rice fields.
Organic rice farming system is the SRI method of paddy field irrigated farming intensively and efficiently in the management of soil, plants and water through the empowerment of groups and local knowledge and based on environmentally friendly principles. This method has been mengami many technical additions compared to the original SRI, but principally the same. Rice is not an aquatic plant. As background SRI developed in Madagascar by a French Priest, (Henri de Lalaunié) in the 80s based on observation of farmer experiences, developed and disseminated by a NGO, namely Tefy Saina (to develop the mind). With the help of CIIFAD, especially Prof Norman Uphoff, SRI spread to other countries as recorded in 1999.
It worthy to note:
The State Budget 2011 Revision Version violates Constitutions --- In Budget 2011, the budget for civil servants and officers amount Rp4, 9 trillion. While the increase in travel spending Rp4, 9 trillion debt spending increases Rp9, 6 trillion. "While spending related to the interests of the people such as subsidies and social assistance spending decreased respectively Rp13, 6 trillion and Rp 8 trillion," said the Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency (Fitra) Yuna Farhan in a press statement here on Sunday (23/01/2011). Fitra has filed a judicial review against the 2011 State Budget Law to the Constitutional Court. We assess the State Budget Law 2011 violated the 1945 Constitution, but until 23 January 2011 the Constitutional Court has not made examination (Suara Karya Online Senin, 24 Januari 2011; 18:04. www.budget-info.com, Media Indonesia Minggu, 23 Januari 2011 19:24 WIB).
Riza V. Tjahjadi
4 February 2011
- ▼ Februari (5)
- ► 2010 (30)
- ► 2009 (16)