Organic Fertilisers Subsidy 2011,
Subsidi Pupuk Organik 2011
OUR OIL SOURCES DEPLETED
LET SHIFT INTO
excerpt of a speech of President SBY (July 30, 2007; see previous posting: GO Organic 2010 failed, GO Organic 2010 Gagal).
Under the guidelines, the policy direction and the objectives, the Government along with the House of Representatives, in the Preliminary Discussion of RAPBN 2011, agreed to set the theme of national development in RKP Year 2011, namely: "Accelerating the Equitable Economic Growth Supported by the Strengthening of the Governance and Synergy of the Regional and Central Government". Along with that, eleven national development priorities were also established in the Government Work Plan (RKP) year 2011, namely (1) Bureaucratic Reform and Governance, (2) Education, (3) Health and Population, (4) Poverty Reduction, (5) Food Security, (6) Infrastructure (7) Investment Climate and Business Climate, (8) Energy, (9) Environment and Disaster Management, (10) Rural Sector, Front Line, Outskirt, and Post-Conflict, and (11) Culture, Creativity, and Innovation on Technology.
On the expenditure side, the central Government expenditure in the RAPBN 2011 is planned to reach Rp 823.6 trillion, or increasing by Rp 42.1 trillion (5.4 percent) of the APBN-P’s cap 2010. The budget allocation of the Central government in 2011 will be focused to provide supports to: (1) the achievement of high quality economic growth through the infrastructure development; (2) the social protection through the expansion of access to education services (BOS), and health (JAMKESNAS); (3) the community empowerment through the PNPM mandiri andKeluarga Harapan Programs; (4) the strengthening of the bureaucratic reform implementation; (5) the improvement on the state apparatus and retirees welfare; (6) the right allocation of budget subsidies; and (7) the payments of the debt interest in a timely manner (www.depkeu.go.id)
Total Subsidy 22.4% of the central Government expenditure
# Total subsidy amount Rp 184.8 trillion, in the 2011 Draft State Budget Rp2 trillion recorded down to Rp16, 4 trillion meanwhile in the Revised Budget 2010, the allocation of fertiliser subsidies reached Rp18, 4 trillion.
# Organic fertilisers subsidy amounted 1,092,000 tons (APBN 2011) increased from 715,000 tons (APBN P 2010). Organic fertilizers have been producing by the state-owned chemical fertilisers manufacture.
# Observation to 2010 there were 235 of organic fertilisers processing units (Rumah Kompos) allocated to all 33 provinces in Indonesia; with four categories of production capacity range from 35,250 to 246,750 tons per year. Meanwhile, subsidised organic fertilisers in 2010 focused to critical quality of farmland and poor soil nutrients located in 8 provinces with total allocation 10.672,104 tons decomposers and 533,605 tons biofertilisers to covers 1,778,683 hectares rice fields.
Organic rice farming system is the SRI method of paddy field irrigated farming intensively and efficiently in the management of soil, plants and water through the empowerment of groups and local knowledge and based on environmentally friendly principles. This method has been mengami many technical additions compared to the original SRI, but principally the same. Rice is not an aquatic plant. As background SRI developed in Madagascar by a French Priest, (Henri de Lalaunié) in the 80s based on observation of farmer experiences, developed and disseminated by a NGO, namely Tefy Saina (to develop the mind). With the help of CIIFAD, especially Prof Norman Uphoff, SRI spread to other countries as recorded in 1999.
It worthy to note:
The State Budget 2011 Revision Version violates Constitutions --- In Budget 2011, the budget for civil servants and officers amount Rp4, 9 trillion. While the increase in travel spending Rp4, 9 trillion debt spending increases Rp9, 6 trillion. "While spending related to the interests of the people such as subsidies and social assistance spending decreased respectively Rp13, 6 trillion and Rp 8 trillion," said the Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency (Fitra) Yuna Farhan in a press statement here on Sunday (23/01/2011). Fitra has filed a judicial review against the 2011 State Budget Law to the Constitutional Court. We assess the State Budget Law 2011 violated the 1945 Constitution, but until 23 January 2011 the Constitutional Court has not made examination (Suara Karya Online Senin, 24 Januari 2011; 18:04. www.budget-info.com, Media Indonesia Minggu, 23 Januari 2011 19:24 WIB).
Riza V. Tjahjadi
4 February 2011