Jumat, 28 Februari 2014

Standards on Sustainable Agriculture, biotani participate in a public consultation to second draft of SAN, Jakarta 27 Feb 2014

Standards on Sustainable Agriculture 

Biotani participate in a public consultation to second draft of SAN, Jakarta 27 Feb 2014


by Riza V. Tjahjadi


Second round of Public Consultation Workshop of the Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) on Sustainable Agriculture Standards revision for agriculture and cattle producer groups and farms held in Jakarta 27 February 2014. I was one of participants.

The Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) is a coalition of independent non-profit conservation organizations that promote the social and environmental sustainability of agricultural activities by developing standards. The Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) promotes efficient agriculture, biodiversity conservation and sustainable community development by creating social and environmental standards. SAN fosters best management practices across agricultural value chains by encouraging farmers to comply with SAN standards and by motivating traders and consumers to support sustainability.

The new standard scheduled be published in July 2014 after approval from SAN’s International Standards Committee and General Assembly and will be binding for audits one year later. SAN wants to make its Sustainable Agriculture Standards more adaptable to smallholder scenarios – which comprise 90% of the farms in our system – rollout additional modules in the standard, add innovative elements and improve the interpretation and scoring of the standard’s criteria during certification audits.

During our first consultation round in 2013, more than 1,000 stakeholders like farm representatives, trainers, auditors, certifiers and representatives from Africa, Asia and Latin America and consuming markets of North America, Oceania and Europe participated contributing more than 10,000 comments with recommendations reflected in the public consultation report available at the following webpage: http://publicconsultation.sanstandards.org/

The standards contain new and innovative elements in areas such as:
~ Productivity and product quality
~ SAN living wage and living income
~ Gender equity
~ Adaptation to climate change
~ Elimination of invasive species
~ New lists of prohibited and to be phased-out pesticides based on technical parameters
~ An adjusted scoring system with new elements for continuous improvement.

The new standards cover more than 70 certifiable crops, such as coffee, cocoa, tea, banana, sugarcane, oil palm and pineapple, as well as cattle and rice production systems of Africa, Asia, the Americas, and Oceania.

Work plan

Public Consultation SECOND ROUND –
second SAN Standards Draft   
January 10 – March 11, 2014
~ Online consultation
~ Public consultation workshops, meetings and trial audits

Analysis of comments & Preparation of
Final Draf
April-May 2014
~ Analysis of second round results
~ ISC meeting in April

Approval & Publishing of standards and related policies   
July 1, 2014
~ SAN General Assembly approval
~ Publication on SAN website

Standards binding for audits   
Jan 1, 2016 onwards
~ Certification audits for all operations based on new standards

First Round Results
±1,000 participants from 50 countries

Most commented principles
Labor (living wage)
Productivity and Integrated Crop Management (ICM)
Ecosystem conservation

Comments on structure
Too high number of criteria
Too high proportion of critical crite

Trial Audits:
Brazil: Coffee plantation
Colombia: Coffee producer group
Costa Rica: Banana plantation
Cattle ranch (beef production)
Ghana: Cocoa producer group
Kenya: Tea producer group

~ Define minimum percentage for new proposed scoring system
~ Are the proposed applicability requirements realistic for smallholdings & group administrators?
~ Understand cost implications for new requirements
~ Are all criteria auditable?
~ Propose means of verification for criteria
~ Suggest wording improvements

Material on second draft
Only 4 new critical criteria

Data recording for measuring of impacts
~ No mixture of certified products with non-certified products
~ No damage or destruction of high value ecosystems
~ No hunting of endangered animals
~ No contamination of water bodies
~ Potable water of sufficient quantity

SAN Living Wage Progression
~ All core ILO conventions:
~ Forced labor, including sexual harassment or abuse (No. 29)
~ Freedom of association (No. 87)
~ Right to organize and collective bargaining (No. 98)
~ Equal remuneration (No. 100)
~ Abolition of forced labor (No. 105)
~ Discrimination (No. 111)
~ Minimum age (No. 138)
~ Worst forms of child labor (No. 182)

Personal protective equipment for pesticide appliers
~ Imminent occupational health risk of fatality or serious injury
~ Communication procedure for attending communities’ complaints, comments and interests regarding production activities

Legitimate right to land use and tenure (including land use studies for new production areas)
~ No use of SAN banned pesticides
~ No genetically modified crops are certified

First Draft April 2013 - SAN standards 2014
Plantations: 314 criteria
Smallholdings: 219 criteria
Group Administrator (GA):
Internal Management System: 28 criteria
GA compliance for smallholders: 46 criteria

Number of principles and criteria per operation type
18 principles
Agriculture (+ climate): 115 criteria
Group Administrator:      15 criteria

Second Draft January 2014 - SAN standards 2014
Plantations: 142 criteria
Smallholdings: 61 criteria

Group Administrator (GA):
Internal Management System: 15 criteria
GA compliance for smallholders: 37 criteria

Number of principles and criteria per operation type
11 principles (including 1 livestock principle)
Plantations: 142 criteria
Smallholdings: 61 criteria

Group Administrator (GA):
Internal Management System: 15 criteria
GA compliance for smallholders: 37 criteria

“A farm that primarily relies on family or household labor, or reciprocal workforce exchange with other members of the community. Temporary workers can be contracted during limited periods of the harvest season, but permanent labor is not contracted. The smallholding is not able to create and analyze records without external help. The smallholding applies for certification only as part of a producer group, not as an individual farm.”

Many labor requirements do not apply.
Implementation of all programs, plans and analysis that require higher technical knowledge are the responsibility of the group administrator’s internal management system.


“Farm that regularly employs hired workers.
Plantation: A farm of 12 hectares or greater that primarily or exclusively produces agricultural crops.”

Higher complexity of production reality.
All labor requirements for hired labor do apply.
Implementation of all programs, plans and analyses.

“Climate smart” recognition
A farm can attain an additional recognition to its certification as being “Climate Smart”, if it complies with a minimum score of 80% of all the applicable climate smart criteria marked by the symbol .
For agriculture plantations, 57 criteria “climate smart” apply for a minimum of 46 criteria “climate smart” to reach the 80% that qualify for this additional recognition.
Smallholdings reach this level with 20 criteria (80% of 25 “climate smart” criteria).
Cattle ranches shall additionally apply 9 criteria for a total of 66 “climate smart” criteria or 53 “climate smart” criteria to reach the 80% level.
Small cattle farms reach this level with 23 criteria (80% of 29 “climate smart” criteria).

ISEAL Living Wage Initiative
The ISEAL Living Wage initiative - supported by FLO, FSC, Goodweave, SAI, SAN and Utz – aims at ensuring appropriate wages for workers on certified operations with hired labor (in Africa, Asia and Latin America) by integrating the Living Wage concept consistently in their auditing and certification frameworks.

The Living Wage concept is expected to be feasibly implemented by these operations for all the countries and regions we are auditing and certifying within a realistic timeframe. FLO, FSC, Goodweave, SAI, SAN and Utz are aware that additional production costs related to Living Wage can only be attended if the production income from products produced by the operations implementing the Living Wage concept reflects the related cost increase or if there is a proportional reduction in cost elsewhere.

Governments and all value chain actors need to work towards this common goal in a collaborative way.

Remuneration  received for a standard work week  by a worker in a particular place sufficient to afford a decent standard of living  for the worker and her or his family. Elements of a decent standard of living include food, housing, education, health care, water, transport, clothing, other essential needs including provision for emergencies and unexpected events.

New High Value Ecosystem Definition

With 6 HCV values; SAN = deforestation free cert. system
A natural ecosystem of particular importance for the conservation of biodiversity, provision of ecosystem services, or maintenance of cultural values. These include areas that meet at least one of the following criteria:  
~ are occupied by endangered species or provide habitat for concentrations of endemic or migratory species;
~ are within or adjacent to a large natural ecosystem containing viable populations of most naturally occurring species in natural patterns of distribution and abundance;
~ consist of locally, sub-nationally, or nationally rare, threatened, or endangered natural ecosystems;
~ contribute critical ecosystem services (e.g. watershed protection, erosion control, flood control) to specific local or downstream populations, farms, enterprises, or ecosystems;
~ are fundamental to meeting basic needs of local communities (e.g. subsistence, health, nutrition, water);
~ are critical to local communities’ traditional cultural identity (e.g., areas of cultural, ecological, economic or religious/sacred importance);
~ Consist of natural forests.

Certified crops shall not consist of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
Measures shall be taken to avoid introducing, cultivating or processing transgenic crops. When nearby transgenic materials are accidentally introduced into a certified farm’s crop, a plan shall be documented and implemented to isolate the affected crop plants.

and so on
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